To what extent offenders and would be offenders influenced by their ‘temporal discounting’, the notion of taking the short term rewards rather than the considering the bigger more long term picture? Is this live fast die young’ borne out of erroneous decision making or are evolutionary forces at work? If evolution has had an impact upon this very persistent behavioural pattern is it dominant in one gender? Is this the reason males commit more crime – 80% of crime committed in many cultures is androcentric? Does this contribute to the reason why in every country around the male life expectancy is always lower than the female, has this made men more risk takers in their behaviour which ultimately leads them to criminality? Are risk takers more likely to enhance their chances of mate selection?
Life expectancy may vary from country to country, but there is one constant; men on average die younger than females.
Daly and Wilson ( also theorists of the ‘Cinderella effect’) conducted research into this investigating how life expectancy correlated with certain ‘temporal discounting’ behaviour such as truancy. They take an evolutionary stance that males as more likely to be risk takers are thus more likely to be involved in anti social behaviour and crime including homicide. They also found a strong negative correlations between life expectancy and homicide rates.
Daly and Wilson concluded;